source: branches/feature-module-update/data/module/DB/ifx.php @ 15532

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1<?php
2
3/* vim: set expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4: */
4
5/**
6 * The PEAR DB driver for PHP's ifx extension
7 * for interacting with Informix databases
8 *
9 * PHP versions 4 and 5
10 *
11 * LICENSE: This source file is subject to version 3.0 of the PHP license
12 * that is available through the world-wide-web at the following URI:
13 * http://www.php.net/license/3_0.txt.  If you did not receive a copy of
14 * the PHP License and are unable to obtain it through the web, please
15 * send a note to license@php.net so we can mail you a copy immediately.
16 *
17 * @category   Database
18 * @package    DB
19 * @author     Tomas V.V.Cox <cox@idecnet.com>
20 * @author     Daniel Convissor <danielc@php.net>
21 * @copyright  1997-2005 The PHP Group
22 * @license    http://www.php.net/license/3_0.txt  PHP License 3.0
23 * @version    CVS: $Id$
24 * @link       http://pear.php.net/package/DB
25 */
26
27/**
28 * Obtain the DB_common class so it can be extended from
29 */
30require_once 'DB/common.php';
31
32/**
33 * The methods PEAR DB uses to interact with PHP's ifx extension
34 * for interacting with Informix databases
35 *
36 * These methods overload the ones declared in DB_common.
37 *
38 * More info on Informix errors can be found at:
39 * http://www.informix.com/answers/english/ierrors.htm
40 *
41 * TODO:
42 *   - set needed env Informix vars on connect
43 *   - implement native prepare/execute
44 *
45 * @category   Database
46 * @package    DB
47 * @author     Tomas V.V.Cox <cox@idecnet.com>
48 * @author     Daniel Convissor <danielc@php.net>
49 * @copyright  1997-2005 The PHP Group
50 * @license    http://www.php.net/license/3_0.txt  PHP License 3.0
51 * @version    Release: @package_version@
52 * @link       http://pear.php.net/package/DB
53 */
54class DB_ifx extends DB_common
55{
56    // {{{ properties
57
58    /**
59     * The DB driver type (mysql, oci8, odbc, etc.)
60     * @var string
61     */
62    var $phptype = 'ifx';
63
64    /**
65     * The database syntax variant to be used (db2, access, etc.), if any
66     * @var string
67     */
68    var $dbsyntax = 'ifx';
69
70    /**
71     * The capabilities of this DB implementation
72     *
73     * The 'new_link' element contains the PHP version that first provided
74     * new_link support for this DBMS.  Contains false if it's unsupported.
75     *
76     * Meaning of the 'limit' element:
77     *   + 'emulate' = emulate with fetch row by number
78     *   + 'alter'   = alter the query
79     *   + false     = skip rows
80     *
81     * @var array
82     */
83    var $features = array(
84        'limit'         => 'emulate',
85        'new_link'      => false,
86        'numrows'       => 'emulate',
87        'pconnect'      => true,
88        'prepare'       => false,
89        'ssl'           => false,
90        'transactions'  => true,
91    );
92
93    /**
94     * A mapping of native error codes to DB error codes
95     * @var array
96     */
97    var $errorcode_map = array(
98        '-201'    => DB_ERROR_SYNTAX,
99        '-206'    => DB_ERROR_NOSUCHTABLE,
100        '-217'    => DB_ERROR_NOSUCHFIELD,
101        '-236'    => DB_ERROR_VALUE_COUNT_ON_ROW,
102        '-239'    => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT,
103        '-253'    => DB_ERROR_SYNTAX,
104        '-292'    => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT_NOT_NULL,
105        '-310'    => DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS,
106        '-316'    => DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS,
107        '-319'    => DB_ERROR_NOT_FOUND,
108        '-329'    => DB_ERROR_NODBSELECTED,
109        '-346'    => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT,
110        '-386'    => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT_NOT_NULL,
111        '-391'    => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT_NOT_NULL,
112        '-554'    => DB_ERROR_SYNTAX,
113        '-691'    => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT,
114        '-692'    => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT,
115        '-703'    => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT_NOT_NULL,
116        '-1204'   => DB_ERROR_INVALID_DATE,
117        '-1205'   => DB_ERROR_INVALID_DATE,
118        '-1206'   => DB_ERROR_INVALID_DATE,
119        '-1209'   => DB_ERROR_INVALID_DATE,
120        '-1210'   => DB_ERROR_INVALID_DATE,
121        '-1212'   => DB_ERROR_INVALID_DATE,
122        '-1213'   => DB_ERROR_INVALID_NUMBER,
123    );
124
125    /**
126     * The raw database connection created by PHP
127     * @var resource
128     */
129    var $connection;
130
131    /**
132     * The DSN information for connecting to a database
133     * @var array
134     */
135    var $dsn = array();
136
137
138    /**
139     * Should data manipulation queries be committed automatically?
140     * @var bool
141     * @access private
142     */
143    var $autocommit = true;
144
145    /**
146     * The quantity of transactions begun
147     *
148     * {@internal  While this is private, it can't actually be designated
149     * private in PHP 5 because it is directly accessed in the test suite.}}
150     *
151     * @var integer
152     * @access private
153     */
154    var $transaction_opcount = 0;
155
156    /**
157     * The number of rows affected by a data manipulation query
158     * @var integer
159     * @access private
160     */
161    var $affected = 0;
162
163
164    // }}}
165    // {{{ constructor
166
167    /**
168     * This constructor calls <kbd>$this->DB_common()</kbd>
169     *
170     * @return void
171     */
172    function DB_ifx()
173    {
174        $this->DB_common();
175    }
176
177    // }}}
178    // {{{ connect()
179
180    /**
181     * Connect to the database server, log in and open the database
182     *
183     * Don't call this method directly.  Use DB::connect() instead.
184     *
185     * @param array $dsn         the data source name
186     * @param bool  $persistent  should the connection be persistent?
187     *
188     * @return int  DB_OK on success. A DB_Error object on failure.
189     */
190    function connect($dsn, $persistent = false)
191    {
192        if (!PEAR::loadExtension('informix') &&
193            !PEAR::loadExtension('Informix'))
194        {
195            return $this->raiseError(DB_ERROR_EXTENSION_NOT_FOUND);
196        }
197
198        $this->dsn = $dsn;
199        if ($dsn['dbsyntax']) {
200            $this->dbsyntax = $dsn['dbsyntax'];
201        }
202
203        $dbhost = $dsn['hostspec'] ? '@' . $dsn['hostspec'] : '';
204        $dbname = $dsn['database'] ? $dsn['database'] . $dbhost : '';
205        $user = $dsn['username'] ? $dsn['username'] : '';
206        $pw = $dsn['password'] ? $dsn['password'] : '';
207
208        $connect_function = $persistent ? 'ifx_pconnect' : 'ifx_connect';
209
210        $this->connection = @$connect_function($dbname, $user, $pw);
211        if (!is_resource($this->connection)) {
212            return $this->ifxRaiseError(DB_ERROR_CONNECT_FAILED);
213        }
214        return DB_OK;
215    }
216
217    // }}}
218    // {{{ disconnect()
219
220    /**
221     * Disconnects from the database server
222     *
223     * @return bool  TRUE on success, FALSE on failure
224     */
225    function disconnect()
226    {
227        $ret = @ifx_close($this->connection);
228        $this->connection = null;
229        return $ret;
230    }
231
232    // }}}
233    // {{{ simpleQuery()
234
235    /**
236     * Sends a query to the database server
237     *
238     * @param string  the SQL query string
239     *
240     * @return mixed  + a PHP result resrouce for successful SELECT queries
241     *                + the DB_OK constant for other successful queries
242     *                + a DB_Error object on failure
243     */
244    function simpleQuery($query)
245    {
246        $ismanip = DB::isManip($query);
247        $this->last_query = $query;
248        $this->affected   = null;
249        if (preg_match('/(SELECT)/i', $query)) {    //TESTME: Use !DB::isManip()?
250            // the scroll is needed for fetching absolute row numbers
251            // in a select query result
252            $result = @ifx_query($query, $this->connection, IFX_SCROLL);
253        } else {
254            if (!$this->autocommit && $ismanip) {
255                if ($this->transaction_opcount == 0) {
256                    $result = @ifx_query('BEGIN WORK', $this->connection);
257                    if (!$result) {
258                        return $this->ifxRaiseError();
259                    }
260                }
261                $this->transaction_opcount++;
262            }
263            $result = @ifx_query($query, $this->connection);
264        }
265        if (!$result) {
266            return $this->ifxRaiseError();
267        }
268        $this->affected = @ifx_affected_rows($result);
269        // Determine which queries should return data, and which
270        // should return an error code only.
271        if (preg_match('/(SELECT)/i', $query)) {
272            return $result;
273        }
274        // XXX Testme: free results inside a transaction
275        // may cause to stop it and commit the work?
276
277        // Result has to be freed even with a insert or update
278        @ifx_free_result($result);
279
280        return DB_OK;
281    }
282
283    // }}}
284    // {{{ nextResult()
285
286    /**
287     * Move the internal ifx result pointer to the next available result
288     *
289     * @param a valid fbsql result resource
290     *
291     * @access public
292     *
293     * @return true if a result is available otherwise return false
294     */
295    function nextResult($result)
296    {
297        return false;
298    }
299
300    // }}}
301    // {{{ affectedRows()
302
303    /**
304     * Determines the number of rows affected by a data maniuplation query
305     *
306     * 0 is returned for queries that don't manipulate data.
307     *
308     * @return int  the number of rows.  A DB_Error object on failure.
309     */
310    function affectedRows()
311    {
312        if (DB::isManip($this->last_query)) {
313            return $this->affected;
314        } else {
315            return 0;
316        }
317    }
318
319    // }}}
320    // {{{ fetchInto()
321
322    /**
323     * Places a row from the result set into the given array
324     *
325     * Formating of the array and the data therein are configurable.
326     * See DB_result::fetchInto() for more information.
327     *
328     * This method is not meant to be called directly.  Use
329     * DB_result::fetchInto() instead.  It can't be declared "protected"
330     * because DB_result is a separate object.
331     *
332     * @param resource $result    the query result resource
333     * @param array    $arr       the referenced array to put the data in
334     * @param int      $fetchmode how the resulting array should be indexed
335     * @param int      $rownum    the row number to fetch (0 = first row)
336     *
337     * @return mixed  DB_OK on success, NULL when the end of a result set is
338     *                 reached or on failure
339     *
340     * @see DB_result::fetchInto()
341     */
342    function fetchInto($result, &$arr, $fetchmode, $rownum = null)
343    {
344        if (($rownum !== null) && ($rownum < 0)) {
345            return null;
346        }
347        if ($rownum === null) {
348            /*
349             * Even though fetch_row() should return the next row  if
350             * $rownum is null, it doesn't in all cases.  Bug 598.
351             */
352            $rownum = 'NEXT';
353        } else {
354            // Index starts at row 1, unlike most DBMS's starting at 0.
355            $rownum++;
356        }
357        if (!$arr = @ifx_fetch_row($result, $rownum)) {
358            return null;
359        }
360        if ($fetchmode !== DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC) {
361            $i=0;
362            $order = array();
363            foreach ($arr as $val) {
364                $order[$i++] = $val;
365            }
366            $arr = $order;
367        } elseif ($fetchmode == DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC &&
368                  $this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_LOWERCASE)
369        {
370            $arr = array_change_key_case($arr, CASE_LOWER);
371        }
372        if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_RTRIM) {
373            $this->_rtrimArrayValues($arr);
374        }
375        if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_NULL_TO_EMPTY) {
376            $this->_convertNullArrayValuesToEmpty($arr);
377        }
378        return DB_OK;
379    }
380
381    // }}}
382    // {{{ numCols()
383
384    /**
385     * Gets the number of columns in a result set
386     *
387     * This method is not meant to be called directly.  Use
388     * DB_result::numCols() instead.  It can't be declared "protected"
389     * because DB_result is a separate object.
390     *
391     * @param resource $result  PHP's query result resource
392     *
393     * @return int  the number of columns.  A DB_Error object on failure.
394     *
395     * @see DB_result::numCols()
396     */
397    function numCols($result)
398    {
399        if (!$cols = @ifx_num_fields($result)) {
400            return $this->ifxRaiseError();
401        }
402        return $cols;
403    }
404
405    // }}}
406    // {{{ freeResult()
407
408    /**
409     * Deletes the result set and frees the memory occupied by the result set
410     *
411     * This method is not meant to be called directly.  Use
412     * DB_result::free() instead.  It can't be declared "protected"
413     * because DB_result is a separate object.
414     *
415     * @param resource $result  PHP's query result resource
416     *
417     * @return bool  TRUE on success, FALSE if $result is invalid
418     *
419     * @see DB_result::free()
420     */
421    function freeResult($result)
422    {
423        return @ifx_free_result($result);
424    }
425
426    // }}}
427    // {{{ autoCommit()
428
429    /**
430     * Enables or disables automatic commits
431     *
432     * @param bool $onoff  true turns it on, false turns it off
433     *
434     * @return int  DB_OK on success.  A DB_Error object if the driver
435     *               doesn't support auto-committing transactions.
436     */
437    function autoCommit($onoff = true)
438    {
439        // XXX if $this->transaction_opcount > 0, we should probably
440        // issue a warning here.
441        $this->autocommit = $onoff ? true : false;
442        return DB_OK;
443    }
444
445    // }}}
446    // {{{ commit()
447
448    /**
449     * Commits the current transaction
450     *
451     * @return int  DB_OK on success.  A DB_Error object on failure.
452     */
453    function commit()
454    {
455        if ($this->transaction_opcount > 0) {
456            $result = @ifx_query('COMMIT WORK', $this->connection);
457            $this->transaction_opcount = 0;
458            if (!$result) {
459                return $this->ifxRaiseError();
460            }
461        }
462        return DB_OK;
463    }
464
465    // }}}
466    // {{{ rollback()
467
468    /**
469     * Reverts the current transaction
470     *
471     * @return int  DB_OK on success.  A DB_Error object on failure.
472     */
473    function rollback()
474    {
475        if ($this->transaction_opcount > 0) {
476            $result = @ifx_query('ROLLBACK WORK', $this->connection);
477            $this->transaction_opcount = 0;
478            if (!$result) {
479                return $this->ifxRaiseError();
480            }
481        }
482        return DB_OK;
483    }
484
485    // }}}
486    // {{{ ifxRaiseError()
487
488    /**
489     * Produces a DB_Error object regarding the current problem
490     *
491     * @param int $errno  if the error is being manually raised pass a
492     *                     DB_ERROR* constant here.  If this isn't passed
493     *                     the error information gathered from the DBMS.
494     *
495     * @return object  the DB_Error object
496     *
497     * @see DB_common::raiseError(),
498     *      DB_ifx::errorNative(), DB_ifx::errorCode()
499     */
500    function ifxRaiseError($errno = null)
501    {
502        if ($errno === null) {
503            $errno = $this->errorCode(ifx_error());
504        }
505        return $this->raiseError($errno, null, null, null,
506                                 $this->errorNative());
507    }
508
509    // }}}
510    // {{{ errorNative()
511
512    /**
513     * Gets the DBMS' native error code and message produced by the last query
514     *
515     * @return string  the DBMS' error code and message
516     */
517    function errorNative()
518    {
519        return @ifx_error() . ' ' . @ifx_errormsg();
520    }
521
522    // }}}
523    // {{{ errorCode()
524
525    /**
526     * Maps native error codes to DB's portable ones.
527     *
528     * Requires that the DB implementation's constructor fills
529     * in the <var>$errorcode_map</var> property.
530     *
531     * @param  string  $nativecode  error code returned by the database
532     * @return int a portable DB error code, or DB_ERROR if this DB
533     * implementation has no mapping for the given error code.
534     */
535    function errorCode($nativecode)
536    {
537        if (ereg('SQLCODE=(.*)]', $nativecode, $match)) {
538            $code = $match[1];
539            if (isset($this->errorcode_map[$code])) {
540                return $this->errorcode_map[$code];
541            }
542        }
543        return DB_ERROR;
544    }
545
546    // }}}
547    // {{{ tableInfo()
548
549    /**
550     * Returns information about a table or a result set
551     *
552     * NOTE: only supports 'table' if <var>$result</var> is a table name.
553     *
554     * If analyzing a query result and the result has duplicate field names,
555     * an error will be raised saying
556     * <samp>can't distinguish duplicate field names</samp>.
557     *
558     * @param object|string  $result  DB_result object from a query or a
559     *                                 string containing the name of a table.
560     *                                 While this also accepts a query result
561     *                                 resource identifier, this behavior is
562     *                                 deprecated.
563     * @param int            $mode    a valid tableInfo mode
564     *
565     * @return array  an associative array with the information requested.
566     *                 A DB_Error object on failure.
567     *
568     * @see DB_common::tableInfo()
569     * @since Method available since Release 1.6.0
570     */
571    function tableInfo($result, $mode = null)
572    {
573        if (is_string($result)) {
574            /*
575             * Probably received a table name.
576             * Create a result resource identifier.
577             */
578            $id = @ifx_query("SELECT * FROM $result WHERE 1=0",
579                             $this->connection);
580            $got_string = true;
581        } elseif (isset($result->result)) {
582            /*
583             * Probably received a result object.
584             * Extract the result resource identifier.
585             */
586            $id = $result->result;
587            $got_string = false;
588        } else {
589            /*
590             * Probably received a result resource identifier.
591             * Copy it.
592             */
593            $id = $result;
594            $got_string = false;
595        }
596
597        if (!is_resource($id)) {
598            return $this->ifxRaiseError(DB_ERROR_NEED_MORE_DATA);
599        }
600
601        $flds = @ifx_fieldproperties($id);
602        $count = @ifx_num_fields($id);
603
604        if (count($flds) != $count) {
605            return $this->raiseError("can't distinguish duplicate field names");
606        }
607
608        if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_LOWERCASE) {
609            $case_func = 'strtolower';
610        } else {
611            $case_func = 'strval';
612        }
613
614        $i   = 0;
615        $res = array();
616
617        if ($mode) {
618            $res['num_fields'] = $count;
619        }
620
621        foreach ($flds as $key => $value) {
622            $props = explode(';', $value);
623            $res[$i] = array(
624                'table' => $got_string ? $case_func($result) : '',
625                'name'  => $case_func($key),
626                'type'  => $props[0],
627                'len'   => $props[1],
628                'flags' => $props[4] == 'N' ? 'not_null' : '',
629            );
630            if ($mode & DB_TABLEINFO_ORDER) {
631                $res['order'][$res[$i]['name']] = $i;
632            }
633            if ($mode & DB_TABLEINFO_ORDERTABLE) {
634                $res['ordertable'][$res[$i]['table']][$res[$i]['name']] = $i;
635            }
636            $i++;
637        }
638
639        // free the result only if we were called on a table
640        if ($got_string) {
641            @ifx_free_result($id);
642        }
643        return $res;
644    }
645
646    // }}}
647    // {{{ getSpecialQuery()
648
649    /**
650     * Obtains the query string needed for listing a given type of objects
651     *
652     * @param string $type  the kind of objects you want to retrieve
653     *
654     * @return string  the SQL query string or null if the driver doesn't
655     *                  support the object type requested
656     *
657     * @access protected
658     * @see DB_common::getListOf()
659     */
660    function getSpecialQuery($type)
661    {
662        switch ($type) {
663            case 'tables':
664                return 'SELECT tabname FROM systables WHERE tabid >= 100';
665            default:
666                return null;
667        }
668    }
669
670    // }}}
671
672}
673
674/*
675 * Local variables:
676 * tab-width: 4
677 * c-basic-offset: 4
678 * End:
679 */
680
681?>
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